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Terminology

Folklore refers to the set of stories, beliefs and practices within a culture or similar group.

In Toaru Majutsu no Index, folklore is used as the basis for certain forms of Magic.

PrinciplesEdit

The folklore (or lore) of a culture consists of a combination of many things, including legends, music, beliefs, sayings, rituals, customs, fairy tales and more. These can be passed down through several ways, including artifacts and oral tradition.

There are often similarities between certain pieces of folklore between different cultures. These similarities can often be traced to a common origin, however there are some pieces which have an unknown origin, somewhere between the cultures it has spread through. These pieces of folklore are referred to as having 'fallen into the cracks'.[1]

Folklore is often conflated with mythology (and vice versa). The two share certain similarities and differences, though the exact boundary between them isn't entirely clear.

Urban Legends are a form of modern day folklore.

Uses of Folklore in Toaru Majutsu no IndexEdit

Below is a list of folklore which are used in some shape or form within Toaru Majutsu no Index (mythologies and urban legends are generally covered on their relevant articles).

Name Culture Description Usage in Toaru Majutsu no Index
Robin Hood England A heroic outlaw, said to be a skilled archer/swordsman. Robin Hood is a sniping weapon used by the Knights of England.[2]
Bayard France A magical bay horse that could adjust his size depending on his riders. Bayard is an autonomous metal horse, which while lacking the abilities of the horse it was named after, is capable of evading magical detection.[3]
Cinderella France The story of a poor young girl who ends up marrying a prince with the help of her fairy godmother. The French Magician, member of GREMLIN, Cendrillon uses the tale of Cinderella as the basis of her magic.[4]
The Little Match Girl Denmark Short story about a child's hallucinations while dying of hypothermia on New Year's Eve Theodosia Electra mainly uses spells based on the fairy tale.[5]
Vasilisa the Beautiful Russia Method to gain happiness Vasilisa's name comes from this fairy tale and she uses a spell based on it in several ways, usually creating a fiery explosion.[6]
The Bold Knight, the Apples of Youth, and the Water of Life Russia Water of Life that that gives one eternal life. Vasilisa has the Water of Life inside her body that grants her youth and longevity, though she denies acutely being immortal.[7]
Jiāng shī China A reanimated corpse that moves around at night by hopping.
Unicorn Various A legendary creature with a pointy horn projecting from its forehead, often depicted as looking like a horse.
  • William Orwell's escutcheon bears the unicorn, along with the dragon and the selkie, as one of its charges. There is also folklore regarding Elizabeth I receiving a horn of a unicorn, though Sherry Cromwell says that it was merely an ordinary animal bone.[9]
  • The Female Knight referred to the legends of unicorns only growing attached to maidens when describing Carissa's horse Alex.[10]
Ushi no Koku Mairi Japan A curse involving a doll with the target's hair, nailed on a sacred tree at a shrine between 1 and 3 AM. Tsuchimikado Motoharu makes use of a variant of the Ushi no Koku Mairi spell against Kumokawa Seria.[11]
Hand of Glory European A dried, pickled hand from a hanged man which, with a candle made from the same person, displays the power to unlock doors and still people who see the candle Index refers to the Hand of Glory, among other similar things, on witnessing Kazakiri Hyouka's leg regenerating.[8]
Momotarō Japan A hero who was found as a child inside a giant peach According to Index, the original story of Momotarō is actually a grimoire, camouflaged to look like a harmless fairy tale, concerning the creation of an elixir of immortality.[12]
The Pied Piper of Hamelin Germany After being refused his pay for chasing away the rats from the city of Hamelin, the mysterious man known as the Pied Piper uses his magical flute to take away the children of the town, never to be seen again. When talking to Acqua of the Back, Terra of the Left compares God's Right Seat's role in leading the people to how the children were enthralled by the enchanted flute of the Piper.[13]
Nya-Nya Bulembu Swazi, Africa[14] The story of a princess forced to wear an ugly animal skin, causing everyone to find her repulsive but actually keeping men from attacking her as a beautiful princess filled with mystical power was raised within it. Certain aspects of the story were used by Leivinia Birdway in order to support her Cannibalization spell.[14]
Cutting Lightning Japan The story of a famous samurai who, one day, while taking shelter from the rain under a tree, had a bolt of lightning struck him. However, he used his sword to cut the Thunder God inside the lightning bolt, allowing him to survive. After this incident, he renamed his sword Raikiri (雷切, literally meaning: Lightning Cutter).
Huotou China A legendary creature in Southern Chinese folklore, described as a dog-shaped monster which eats feces and blows fire. Estelle Rosenthal possesses an artificial soul named Huotou which is used for Rosenthal-style Necromancy.[17]
Kappa Japan A mythical creature in traditional Japanese folklore, described as a child-shaped imp which lives in rivers or ponds. One of the playable characters in Gekisho.[18]

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